WTC 2016 Proceedings
These proceedings are a collection of technical and academic papers presented at the World Tunneling Congress (WTC) 2016.
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The official WTC 2016 Conference App - Available for Apple & AndroidAttend WTC April 22-28, 2016 | San Francisco, CA
Attended by more than 2,500 tunneling professionals,
ITA-AITES WTC has become the top attended tunneling conference in the world.
WTC is renowned for bringing the best and the brightest in the tunneling industry together.
The WTC conference assembles some of the most intelligent tunneling professionals to encourage industry learning and growth.
A contributing factor to WTC success is the expansive international reach and influence across the market.
WTC is an excellent opportunity to showcase innovative tunneling technology, tunneling practices, and contracting methods.
Leading international tunneling companies exhibit at WTC, bringing the latest in technology and innovations.
Follow us on Twitter, Facebook and YouTube to interact with other WTC attendees and get the latest conference updates. #WorldTunnelCongress
Moscone Center is known for hosting several large professional gatherings, such as the Macworld Expo, RSA Conference, the Game Developers Conference, the Microsoft's Build conference, the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference, Google I/O, JavaOne and public gated events such as WonderCon.
It is the largest convention and exhibition complex in San Francisco, California. It comprises three main halls. The complex was initially built in 1981 by architects Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabaum and named after San Francisco former mayor George Moscone. The location of the complex in the South of Market area provides easy access to downtown San Francisco's many hotels and restaurants, as well as major transportation systems such as BART and Muni Metro.
The Marriott Marquis Hotel exudes an essence of modern luxury and the convenience of an extraordinary hotel in downtown San Francisco, CA. Just south of Market Street, this hotel in the SOMA district is next to the Moscone Convention Center and steps away from the Yerba Buena Gardens, renowned museums and cultural attractions, world-class shopping on Union Square, and AT&T Park, home of the San Francisco Giants.
Renowned as a meeting hotel in San Francisco, this business hotel provides flexible and expansive event venues to accommodate both grand and intimate San Francisco hotel receptions. Whether in town for business or pleasure, experience San Francisco at the Marriott Marquis hotel in San Francisco, CA where you're sure to leave your heart.
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SME takes pride in being recognized as one of the premier professional societies in the world. This level of professionalism and mission will now be applied to WTC2016 so that you will experience and enjoy a truly professional event.
John O. Marsden
2014 President - Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration
On behalf of the City and County of San Francisco, I am excited to welcome the members of the international tunneling community for the 2016 World Tunnel Congress being held at the Moscone Center in Downtown San Francisco. You will find San Francisco to be a truly memorable city during your visit, and I hope you have the opportunity to explore and enjoy all that the Innovation Capital of the World has to offer.
Edwin M. Lee
Mayor - San Francisco, CA